Image of Olivia de Havilland

Olivia de Havilland

1916-07-01 Tokyo, Japan

Image of Olivia de Havilland

Biografia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Dame Olivia Mary de Havilland DBE (/dəˈhævɪlənd/; born July 1, 1916) is a British-American actress, whose career spanned from 1935 to 1988. She appeared in 49 feature films, and was one of the leading movie stars during the golden age of Classical Hollywood. She is best known for her early screen performances in The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) and Gone with the Wind (1939), and her later award-winning performances in To Each His Own (1946), The Snake Pit (1948), and The Heiress (1949). Born in Tokyo to British parents, de Havilland and her younger sister, actress Joan Fontaine, moved with their mother to California in 1919. They were brought up by their mother Lilian, a former stage actress who taught them drama, music, and elocution. Olivia de Havilland made her screen debut in Reinhardt's A Midsummer Night's Dream in 1935. During her career, she often played demure ingénues opposite popular leading men, including Errol Flynn, with whom she made nine films. They became one of Hollywood's most popular romantic on-screen pairings. She achieved her initial popularity in romantic comedy films, such as The Great Garrick (1937), and in Westerns, such as Dodge City (1939). Her natural beauty and refined acting style made her particularly effective in historical period dramas, such as Anthony Adverse (1936), and romantic dramas, such as Hold Back the Dawn (1941). In her later career, she was most successful in dramas, such as Light in the Piazza (1962), and unglamorous roles in psychological dramas including Hush… Hush, Sweet Charlotte (1964). In addition to her film career, de Havilland continued her work in the theatre, appearing three times on Broadway. She also worked in television, appearing in the successful miniseries, Roots: The Next Generations (1979), and television feature films, such as Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna, for which she received a Primetime Emmy Award nomination. During her film career, de Havilland won two Academy Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, two New York Film Critics Circle Awards, the National Board of Review Award for Best Actress, and the Venice Film Festival Volpi Cup. For her contributions to the motion picture industry, she received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. For her lifetime contribution to the arts, she received the National Medal of Arts from President George W. Bush, and was appointed a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur by French President Nicolas Sarkozy. De Havilland and Joan Fontaine are the only siblings to have won Academy Awards in a lead acting category. A lifelong rivalry between the two actresses resulted in an estrangement that lasted over three decades. De Havilland has lived in Paris since 1956, and celebrated her 100th birthday on July 1, 2016. In June 2017, two weeks before her 101st birthday, de Havilland was appointed Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2017 Birthday Honours for services to drama. She is the oldest woman ever to receive the honour. In a statement, she called it "the most gratifying of birthday presents".

Películas

Leslie Howard: The Man Who Gave a Damn Herself (archive footage) 2015-08-18
1939: Hollywood's Greatest Year Herself 2009-07-02
The Adventures of Errol Flynn Herself - Actress (also archive footage) 2005-04-05
Melanie Remembers: Reflections by Olivia DeHavilland Herself 2004-11-05
The First 100 Years: A Celebration of American Movies 1995-06-05
The Woman He Loved Aunt Bessie Merryman 1988-04-03
The Making of a Legend: Gone with the Wind Herself 1988-10-01
Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna Dowager Empress Maria 1986-12-07
Bette Davis: A Basically Benevolent Volcano Herself 1983-11-02
Hollywood Out-takes and Rare Footage Herself (archive footage) 1983-02-25
The Royal Romance of Charles and Diana Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother 1982-09-20
Murder Is Easy Honoria Waynflete 1982-01-02
The Fifth Musketeer Anne d'Autriche 1979-04-06
The Swarm Maureen 1978-07-14
Airport '77 Emily Livingston 1977-03-11
Pope Joan Mother Superior 1972-08-16
The Screaming Woman Laura Wynant 1972-01-29
The Adventurers Deborah Hadley 1970-03-25
Noon Wine Ellie Thompson 1966-11-23
Hush... Hush, Sweet Charlotte Miriam Deering 1964-12-15
Lady in a Cage Mrs. Cornelia Hilyard 1964-01-01
Hollywood Without Make-Up 1963-07-01
Light in the Piazza Meg Johnson 1962-02-07
Libel Lady Margaret Anne Loddon 1959-10-23
The Proud Rebel Linnett Moore 1958-07-01
The Ambassador's Daughter Joan Fisk 1956-07-26
That Lady Ana de Mendoza 1955-05-11
Not as a Stranger Kristina Hedvigson 1955-07-01
My Cousin Rachel Rachel Sangalletti Ashley 1952-12-25
The Heiress Catherine Sloper 1949-10-06
The Snake Pit Virginia Stuart Cunningham 1948-11-04
The Well Groomed Bride Margie Dawson 1946-05-17
The Dark Mirror Terry / Ruth Collins 1946-10-17
Devotion Charlotte Brontë 1946-04-05
To Each His Own Miss Josephine 'Jody' Norris 1946-03-12
Breakdowns of 1944 Herself 1944-01-01
Stars on Horseback 1943-04-23
Thank Your Lucky Stars Herself 1943-09-25
Government Girl Elizabeth 'Smokey' Allard 1943-11-05
Show-Business at War Herself 1943-05-21
Princess O'Rourke Princess Maria 1943-10-23
The Male Animal Ellen Turner 1942-03-12
Breakdowns of 1942 Herself (uncredited) 1942-01-01
In This Our Life Roy Timberlake 1942-05-08
They Died with Their Boots On Elizabeth Bacon 1941-11-20
The Strawberry Blonde Amy Lind 1941-02-22
Hold Back the Dawn Emmy Brown 1941-09-26
Cavalcade of the Academy Awards Herself 1940-07-31
Santa Fe Trail Kit Carson Holliday 1940-12-20
My Love Came Back Amelia Cornell 1940-07-13
Raffles Gwen 1939-11-11
The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex Lady Penelope Gray 1939-11-11
Gone with the Wind Melanie Hamilton 1939-12-15
Dodge City Abbie Irving 1939-04-08
Wings of the Navy Irene Dale 1939-02-11
Out Where the Stars Begin Serena Ferris (archive footage) 1938-05-28
Gold Is Where You Find It Serena Ferris 1938-02-12
Four's a Crowd Lorri Dillingwell 1938-08-04
The Adventures of Robin Hood Maid Marian 1938-05-13
Hard to Get Margaret "Maggie" Richards 1938-11-05
It's Love I'm After Marcia West 1937-10-08
Call It a Day Catherine 'Cath' Hilton 1937-04-17
A Day at Santa Anita Olivia de Havilland (uncredited) 1937-05-27
The Great Garrick Germaine de la Corbe 1937-10-30
Screen Snapshots (Series 16, No. 1) 1936-09-11
Anthony Adverse Angela Guiseppe 1936-08-29
The Making of a Great Motion Picture 1936-04-15
The Charge of the Light Brigade Elsa Campbell 1936-10-20
Alibi Ike Dolly Stevens 1935-06-15
The Irish in Us Lucille Jackson 1935-07-31
A Midsummer Night's Dream Hermia 1935-10-09
A Dream Comes True Herself (uncredited) 1935-12-31
Captain Blood Arabella Bishop 1935-12-26